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03 December 2007

Archaeological Research in Central Asia of the Muslim Period

Archaeological Research in Central Asia of the Muslim Period
G. A. Fedorov-Davydov
World Archaeology, Vol. 14, No. 3, Islamic Archaeology (Feb., 1983), pp. 393-405

Extensive explorations have yielded abundant data relating to the material culture of the medieval city in Central Asia, its trade and the technology of its crafts. Three stages have been established in the historical development of large cities: the oldest part, dating as a rule from pre-Muslim times, is the ark or kuhendiz; next came the Shahristan (medina) which was the main part of the city in the 8th-10th centuries; finally - the rabat or outer town which by the 11th-13th centuries had become the centre of economic life. [...] A typical example is Samarkand in Uzbekhistan. [...] Merv in Turkmenia [...] Utrar, in southern Kazakhstan, [...] Caravanserais, both in the cities and along the caravan routes, have also been uncovered, and the distribution of the rural population has been examined. An additional subject of research has been provided by the excavation of medieval cemeteries.

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